Another big issue is that the government owned institutes provide recognized degrees but not the quality education whereas private institutes stipulate good education but the degrees that students receive are not recognized by the government, due to which many students suffer even in their later lives. Undergraduate admissions criteria in Pakistan vary by institution, but the HSSC/Intermediate Examination Certificate is nearly always required, although applicants may sometimes also be admitted based on technical board diplomas, depending on the program. Funding and support from other countries, including Saudi Arabia and Iran, also play a role. As mentioned earlier, after independence, Pakistan then developed its own Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) which were tasked with developing and conducting final examinations at the ends of grades 9 to 12. Punjab province, for example, recently announced that it will begin to use Urdu as the exclusive medium of instruction in schools beginning in 2020. TVET qualifications at level 5 (mostly 10+3 technical board diplomas like the DAE) through level 8 (TVET qualifications at the tertiary level) will eventually be defined and incorporated into the framework as well. Integrated Learning Solutions It is not a Practical Idea for schools to wait till 100% digitalization to give students the taste of modern education. The elementary curriculum typically includes Urdu, English, regional languages, mathematics, science, social studies, and Islamiyat. Requirements also include an entry test.A fairly standard weighting of the selection criteria is 10 percent for the SSC, 40 percent for the HSC, and 50 percent for the entrance test. That said, there are sizable numbers of international students from Muslim-majority developing countries like Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, and, most notably, neighboring Afghanistan, who pursue studies in Pakistan, where they can access education of higher quality than they can at home. With the modernization of the world where there are benefits, many issues are also occurring. Pakistan is a significant exporter of international students globally. We connect, discuss and enact upon situations collaboratively. The traditional English-speaking international study destinations, Australia and the U.S., are currently the top choices among Pakistani degree-seeking students, as per UNESCO statistics. In the education sector alone technology, advancements and change of perspectives of people has brought about many changes. English has been the main language of instruction at the elementary and secondary levels since colonial times. Classroom full of students deferring to the wisdom of an all-knowing professor has is and many believe, will continue to be the accepted mode of instruction. It has improved greatly in the 20th and 21st centuries, but still tends to rely too heavily on rote memorization and outdated teaching and examination methods. Completion of the DAE, for example, enables students to enter directly into applicable Bachelor of Technology programs. Given that Pakistan is witnessing the largest population growth of youth in its history, with two-thirds of the population projected to be below the age of 30 for the next three decades, TVET is seen as perhaps the most critical education sector to address unemployment and develop a workforce capable of driving economic development. Exploring the new trends and new facets of higher education and research has assumed added significance in the globalized world of the twenty-first century. An educated person is skilled and can analytically put good use of the knowledge. Like neighboring India, Pakistan has a higher education system made up of relatively few degree-granting universities but close to 3,000 colleges and other teaching institutions that are affiliated with these universities. National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC), Education in the United States of America, Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC); Intermediate Certificate; A Levels or other equivalent qualification, Awarded in primarily applied fields of study, Bachelor’s degree programs (with exemptions/transfer credit) in a related field of study. Agriculture, biological sciences, business studies, computer science, engineering, physical sciences, social sciences, veterinary sciences, Master of Science, Master of Arts, Master of Philosophy, Master of Engineering, Master of Commerce, Master of Technology, and so on, Final certificate (for example, Higher Secondary School Certificate or Intermediate Certificate)—sent by the applicable Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Mark sheet/result card—sent by the applicable Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Diploma or Certificate (for example, Diploma of Associate Engineer or other diploma or certificate awarded by an applicable Board), Mark Sheet/Result Card sent by the applicable Board, Photocopy of degree certificate—submitted by the applicant, Transcript/Mark Sheet/Result Card—sent by the institution attended, For completed doctoral programs, a written statement confirming the conferral of the degree—sent by the awarding institution, Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC), Bachelor’s Degree (university, four years), Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. … There is little interest of affiliated colleges to have research-oriented courses. The list of following conferences are including the following topics like business related conferences, engineering conferences, education, social sciences, law, life sciences, mathematics, medicine, regional studies, and interdisciplinary conferences. For the most part, the examination certificates issued by the different boards are recognized by higher education institutions, government institutions, and employers nationwide. The government of Prime Minster Imran Khan seeks to reduce the fragmentation and inequalities of Pakistan’s school system and create a modernized “uniform education system.” A National Curriculum Committee (NCC) has been tasked with coordinating standards between provinces and developing a Single National Curriculum (SNC) for school education—a project scheduled to be completed by October 2020 for grades 1 to 8, by December 2021 for grades 9 and 10, and by December 2022 for grades 11 and 12. The other two tiers comprise the remainder of DAIs (tier 2) and affiliated colleges (tier 3). This collaborative approach has gained importance in the learning process as well. It remains the predominant language of instruction in private schools but has been increasingly replaced with Urdu in public schools. Civics has recently been introduced in school curricula in place of Islamiyat for religious minority populations. The language of instruction in higher education is mostly English, but some programs and institutions teach in Urdu. In some provinces these new degrees have replaced the former Primary Teaching Certificate and Certificate in Teaching and now function as an interim credential. It also coordinates education policies between jurisdictions. Most common nomenclature used for name of credentials is Bachelor of (field of study), Five-year programs are offered in architecture, dentistry, homeopathy, law, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary science, and traditional systems of medicine (Unani, Ayurveda, and homeopathic medicine)*. The shape of things to come details the impact of demographic and economic drivers on the changing higher education landscape in the next decade. Since HEIs rely heavily on non-tenured lecturers, the percentage of teaching staff with PhDs is consequently low. Subscribe to WENR, and discover other tools and publications. Colleges may offer a range of more general programs in arts and sciences, whereas others are mono-specialized in disciplines like business administration, education, or engineering. Critics, however, consider a uniform school system unrealistic, given the vast economic, linguistic, and religious disparities between Pakistan’s regions. In 2018, there were 40,210 students studying wholly in Pakistan for U.K. qualifications, making Pakistan the fourth-largest British TNE market worldwide. Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes. Despite many technological advances and the introduction of new pedagogical concepts, the majority of today's classrooms continue to … In Pakistan, education sector has emerged in the recent years as the most promising business area. Five million of these are at the elementary level, and the numbers only increase at the middle and secondary school levels. Education brings about positive changes not only in the society but also the personal lives of people. The University of the Punjab has five campuses, more than 70 departments, and about 46,000 on-campus students. A registry of qualifications is being developed but does not appear to be available publicly as of this writing. While literacy rates in cities like Lahore, Islamabad, and Karachi are close to 75 percent, for instance, these rates can be as low as 9 percent in the “tribal regions” of Baluchistan, Pakistan’s largest and poorest province. Many elementary schools in Pakistan suffer severely from a lack of quality including in terms of infrastructure. Pakistan is faced with a multitude of challenges in the education sector. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of World Education Services (WES). The middle school curriculum features the same subjects as the elementary curriculum, but additional languages like Arabic or Persian may be introduced. The Muslim-majority country was established in its current form after the partition of former British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, and the subsequent secession of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan, in 1971. Private higher education is relatively new in Pakistan and was, in fact, banned under leftist governments in the 1970s and early 1980s. Pakistan’s education system has evolved substantially from both its Islamic and British historical roots. Prestigious private institutions like Aga Khan University and the Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan’s first private universities, are among the country’s top institutions. It’s crucial to understand that huge socioeconomic disparities exist in Pakistan not only between rural and urban regions, but also between the country’s diverse provinces. In medicine, those completing a specialization are awarded the university degree of Doctor of Medicine and become members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. In the near future, only officially registered qualifications may use the “national” designation in the qualification title. Technology has made it possible for everyone to stay connected. In Pakistan, educational system doesn’t meet the international standards. Offered in many fields of study, most notably computer science, humanities, sciences and social sciences, Master’s degrees, advanced graduate level programs in professional disciplines, Four-year programs are offered in agriculture, education, engineering, or nursing*. As a result, the system is said to be rife with corruption, plagiarism, and fabricated research, with many publications allegedly produced for purely material gains. Sindh is the second most populous province; it contains the crowded metropolis Karachi, one of the world’s largest cities proper with some 15 million people. There are also sizable numbers of international students from various countries coming to Pakistan to study at Islamic universities or madrasahs. Students are also provided the environment of Critical Thinking so that new ideas and approaches can be added to the already available systems. The main federal oversight body in higher education is the Higher Education Commission (HEC), a constitutionally established autonomous institution responsible for the regulation, accreditation, and funding of higher education in the country. By grade six, only 41 percent of girls participate in education, compared with 51 percent of boys. Pakistan has a secondary education system centered on high-stakes examinations and rote learning. Teacher education in Pakistan is leaping into the future. With the changing trends of the world the educational trends are also changing. Some universities did not have any professors who held doctoral qualifications. To promote a culture of continual quality improvement, the HEC introduced a ranking system that rates HEIs on a scale from W (highest) to X, Y, and Z (lowest) based on criteria like QA mechanisms, teaching quality, or research output. There are also a number of international, predominantly British, examination boards in Pakistan, such as Cambridge Assessment International Education. It should be noted that colleges or teaching institutions in the public sector are bound by the admission requirements set by the degree-awarding university to which they are affiliated. Education System in Pakistan Latest Update 2020: As of January 2020, Pakistan vows to raise literacy rate from 58% to 70% in four years by providing school access to the approximately 22.8 million students, improving the education system among all ages with modern technology. The four provinces are Baluchistan, Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which was until 2010 known as the North-West Frontier Province. The level descriptors delineate qualifications of increasing complexity in terms of skills, as well as levels of responsibility, from functions that require supervision (level 1) to the ability to perform with full autonomy (level 4). About 68 percent of students at the lower-secondary level and 88 percent at the upper-secondary level attended public schools in 2017. The qualifications awarded by these institutions are examined by the madrasah boards. Pakistan has significantly tightened the academic requirements for school teachers in recent years. The provinces of Punjab and Sindh have in recent years introduced standardized province-wide examinations at the end of grades 5 and 8. A four-year bachelor’s degree requires the completion of 124 to 136 credit units, whereas a master’s degree typically requires 30 credits (either 30 credits of coursework or 24 credits of coursework and 6 credits of thesis, research, or project work). Like the SSC exam, the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC) examination (also referred to as “intermediate exam”) is administered in two parts at the end of grades 11 and 12. Those who fail more than two subjects must repeat the school year. Poverty also plays a major role. Each of Pakistan’s provinces and the territories under control of the federal government have their own Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) that conduct graduation examinations at the lower-secondary and upper-secondary levels. Students typically elect three specialization subjects from one of these streams (for example, economics, geography, and business studies in the humanities stream). Right from the start of the world, mankind has been teaching the next generation ways of life and techniques to make it better which consisted of hunting and growing food, making weapons for protection against wild animals, finding shelter. Bachelor’s degree (four years, 124–136 credits) or a combined 16 years of education. Another notable destination country is Germany, where Pakistan is now among the top 20 sending countries after enrollments jumped by 28 percent within just one year, from 3,836 in 2017 to 4,928 in 2018—a trend likely driven, among other factors, by the availability of tuition-free, high-quality graduate programs in engineering. In 2017, for instance, four institutions have been banned from admitting students entirely, while another 13 had their distance learning MPhil and PhD programs suspended. According to UNESCO, the overall upper-secondary NER in Pakistan was 23 percent in 2017, compared with 38 percent in Nepal and 46 percent in Bangladesh. As noted in a recent HEC-sponsored study, “science subjects … are avoided by colleges because there is need of science laboratories to run those programs. However, these destinations do not translate the exact trends when it comes to Pakistan, which is mostly navigated by the huge mushrooming of education … Beyond its capacity shortages, the TVET sector has historically been marred by a lack of national coordination, quality problems, and outdated curricula that fail to adequately serve the needs of the labor market. While there are six Indian institutions included among the top 500 in the current 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, for instance, Quaid-i-Azam University is the only Pakistani institution featured in this group (at position 401–500). The goal is to create a system of competency-based, nationally standardized TVET qualifications that are aligned with international standards. From the Newspaper Published June 21, 2011. All pathways culminate in a skills assessment based on national competency standards conducted by provincial qualification assessment boards, trade testing boards, or other certified assessors. Note, however, that the expensive private prep schools that teach British curricula like the Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) cater mostly to wealthy elites and are out of reach for most ordinary Pakistani households. The changing trends are giving rise to many issues which are not only faced by the students but also the teaching staff and parents. DAIs can be either public or private and are approved (chartered) by the federal or provincial governments based on the recommendations of the Higher Education Commission (HEC). Web Based Instructions are great for the students who can learn when on the go. 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