AI can be leveraged to enhance the defense of critical military networks and information systems, to scale the effects of offensive cyber operations, and to inform command decision-making in cyber warfare Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks can be detected and mitigated through pattern matching, statistical analysis, machine learning and big data analysis. 3.1. 5 “New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Planning Notice No. Disruptors & Wild Cards 52 3.5. ... Defence Science … China’s recent advances in Swarm Intelligence—which involves autonomous cooperative behavior among masses of distributed robots—have been on prominent display in official media. Concepts like Motherships of drones releasing little baby drones from the air and the sea, infantrymen and women sporting exoskeletons and wearable electronics loaded up with combat apps, and lone mission commanders directing swarms of unmanned vessels to carry out operations are already being tested  at MIT’s Computer Science and AI Laboratory. Artificial Intelligence applications are playing major role in Engineering Drawings & Camical analysis to design expert drawings and Camical synthesis. Solid ... Military. Solution for Write the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Health, Agriculture, Education, entertainment and military science and Briefly discuss How it… GOAP enables the agent to understand its available actions from its current state and determine a means to get to a goal through search. It is evident that AI can be gainfully utilized to integrate C4ISR capabilities and works towards deeper fusion of systems and sensors across all domains of warfare. This means that the world must be perceived (or sensed through cameras, microphones and/or tactile sensors) and then reconstructed in such a way that the computer ‘brain’ has  an  effective  and  updated model of the world it is in before it can make decisions. R S Panwar. AI can be gainfully employed to enhance future capabilities in following areas:-. AI techniques are being developed to enhance the accuracy of target recognition in complex combat environments. TIGER and MATE developed by DARPA are the successful AI algorithms for battlefield analysis. The US is investing increasingly in the simulation & training applications. AI-enabled data analysis, information processing and intelligence analysis. Artificial Intelligence for Military Logistics – Current Applications Logistics in the military encompasses more functions than most people realize. Equipping these systems with AI assists defense personnel in threat monitoring, thereby enhancing their situational awareness. The military employment of AI, though a natural derivative of AI development with immense potential and advantages, has been a ... race-for-artificial-intelligence_msharma_230218 (accessed 12 March 2018). The results of informatization have created new challenges in the effective processing and utilization of data which in turn will enhance situational awareness and the speed of battle field decision making. The US Navy has enlisted such companies such as Leidos, SAIC, AECOM, and Orbital ATK to support their programs, while the US Army’s programs are supported by firms including SAIC, CACI, Torch Technologies, and Millennium Engineering. USA – US Government is spending billions of dollars preparing for the next stage in warfare that it believes will be defined by advances in AI. AI is particularly useful for quickly and efficiently processing large volumes of data in order to obtain valuable information. Regarding the application of artificial intelligence to weapons, China is currently developing “next generation stealth drones,” including, for instance, Ziyan’s Blowfish A2 model. 10. Courtesy: http://www.claws.in/1878/military-applications-of-artificial-intelligence-deepak-kumar-gupta.html, Hi, very nice article. The average work experience of AI professionals in India is 6.6 years. Information engineering. As the electromagnetic spectrum becomes ever more complex and contested, the introduction of AI will be critical to achieving an advantage, Tactical Applications. In war zones, AI can be integrated with Robotic Surgical Systems (RSS) and Robotic Ground Platforms (RGPs) to provide remote surgical support and evacuation activities. AI is a high-level priority within China’s national agenda for military-civil fusion and this strategic approach could enable the PLA to take full advantage of private sector progress in AI to enhance its military capabilities. USA & China have emerged as leaders in the field of AI and are employing comprehensive resources for development of the same in view of their commercial interest and national security. His last appointment in the Indian Army was as Commandant of Military College of Telecommunication Engineering, Mhow. Artificial Intelligence is also being used for NASA’s next rover mission to Mars, the Mars 2020 Rover. To better understand the nuances of AI, it is important first to understand the difference between an automated and an autonomous system. China’s core AI industry should have surpassed 400 billion RMB (about $59 billion), with AI-related fields exceeding 5 trillion RMB (about $740 billion). Since the locus of innovation has shifted to the private sector, the govt should facilitate to create closer public-private partnerships. Lieutenant General (Dr) Ravindra Singh Panwar, AVSM, SM, VSM (retd.) In a conflict, the PLA could use swarms to cheaply target high-value U.S. weapons platforms, such as aircraft carriers. This is already the case in some parts of China. For example, DARPA’s Target Recognition and Adaption in Contested Environments (TRACE) program uses machine learning techniques to automatically locate and identify targets with the help of Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR) images. AI is expected to play a crucial role in military logistics and transport. It has also led to increased synergy and enhanced performance of warfare systems while requiring less maintenance. The advent of AI could fundamentally change the character of warfare, resulting in a transformation from today’s “informatized” ways of warfare to future “intelligentized” warfare, in which AI will be critical to military power. You give us really a good knowledge. Using UAVs can thus strengthen the security of military bases, as well as increase the safety and efficacy of military personnel in battle or at remote locations. ISR operations are used to acquire and process information to support a range of military activities. Combat helmets with visors that analyze battle field environment or provide extra specific vision. ... Of … Machine learning is also used to learn, track, and discover targets from the data obtained. Artificial intelligence (AI) also known as machine intelligence (MI) is intellect displayed by computer system (or machine), in contrast with the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In contrast to USD’s MS in Applied Data Science — which focuses on gaining insights from data using data analysis, visualization, and prediction while a human is usually involved in the process — the applied artificial intelligence master’s degree program focuses on autonomous decision making and action execution by agents with broad-ranging applications such as robotics, … 2 Chinese military strategists anticipate a transformation in the form and character of conflict, which is seen as evolving from today’s … As a nation, we should formulate mission oriented long term policy for critical strategic AI technologies. Strategic Challenge of AI. At that point, the value of China’s core AI industry is targeted to exceed 150 billion RMB (over $22 billion) in value, with AI-related fields valued at 1 trillion RMB (nearly $148 billion). We have institute giving coaching to students who wants to start their career in defence. Key trends of AI commercial infrastructure are as under:-. Defense, offense, and command information warfare. Consequently, computer vision is sometimes seen as a part of the artificial intelligence field or the computer science field in general. Additionally, AI improves self-control, self-regulation, and self-actuation of combat systems due to its inherent computing and decision-making capabilities. The latest developments in functional robots may be the coolest thing to emerge in the world of Artificial Intelligence (AI), but with the application of data science to problem-solving and machine-learning AI is already integrated into your life in ways that may have never occurred to you… Voice recognition and speech transcription is AI-driven. The rover is responsible for autonomous targeting of cameras in order to perform investigations on Mars. Tactical AI analyzes the battlefield and acts on … While lack of physical infrastructure is certainly a major impediment, India’s AI development also suffers from the paucity of the necessary policy, which is key for advances from lab to commercial /military arena in AI. The authors of this report examine military applications of artificial intelligence (AI) and consider the ethical implications. Analyzing situation of Missiles fired, akin to satellite defense grid systems to shoot down the correct missile. Cyber Defense and Cyber Warfare. AI applications in cyber domain can be used by non state actors. Phase 2 of Intelligent Ship, run by DASA on behalf of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), sought novel technologies for use by the … Artificial Intelligence Applications: Autonomous Vehicles Thus, the effect of artificial intelligence on military power and international conflict will depend on particular applications of AI for militaries and policymakers. In June 2017, China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, a state-owned defense conglomerate, successfully flight-tested a swarm of 119 drones—a new record. Artificial intelligence applications are not open, and can put privacy at risk. is the 57th Colonel Commandant of the Corps of Signals. by Tejaswi Singh and Amit Gulhane, on October 3, 2018. The Department of Defence Production on Friday constituted a task force headed by Tata Sons Chairman N Chandrasekaran to study use of artificial intelligence, which it said has potential to provide military superiority apart from driving technology-driven economic growth. Military … 14. Operations Command and Control Command and Control is considered as one of the most important functions of military operations. application for problem solving in varied fields, was launched in 2013. Markets amidst the Artificial Intelligence ‘Insights Revolution’ 47 3.3. The effective transportation of goods, ammunition, armaments, and troops is an essential component of successful military operations. Please visit. The PLA aspires not only to equal but also to surpass the U.S. military by seizing the initiative in the course of the ongoing Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) that is being catalyzed by today’s advances in emerging technologies. 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The destabilizing prospects of artificial intelligence for 91 nuclear strategy, deterrence and stability I. Artificial intelligence is not a weapon. Warfare Platforms. In a networked centered scenario of battlefield with host of sensors deployed at different stages and the amount of data flowing between various ce… AI is deployed in almost every military application, and increased research and development funding from military research agencies to develop new and advanced applications of artificial intelligence is projected to drive the increased adoption of AI-driven systems in the military sector. Concurrently, China is advancing in gathering top talent and establishing initial frameworks for laws, regulations, ethics, and policy. By this time, China hopes to have achieved important progress in next generation AI technologies, including big data, swarm intelligence, hybrid enhanced intelligence, and autonomous intelligent systems. However, systems equipped with AI can autonomously protect networks, computers, programs, and data from any kind of unauthorized access. Software vulnerability analysis can be based on AI “fuzzing” technique that could be used in penetration testing for offensive or defensive purposes and Intrusion detection and prevention methods can be addressed by deep neural networks. In addition, China plans to have achieve progress in the creation of laws and regulations, as well as ethical norms and policies, along with the establishment of mechanisms for AI safety assessment. However, China’s rapid rise and future trajectory in AI could be enabled by critical systemic and structural advantages, including likely levels of funding and investment, potential human talent resources, and massive amounts of data. Unmanned systems used to carry out ISR missions can either be remotely operated or sent on a pre-defined route. 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First, the Army could develop a new job function (referred to as a military occupational specialty, MOS), expand a current job function, or create a new way to identify soldiers with the capability regardless of job function (through an Additional Skill Identifier, ASI). The said application of AI can be gainfully utilized for terrain analysis, war gaming and tactical training. An analysis by MarketsandMarkets indicates that the market size of artificial intelligence in military is expected to reach USD 18.82 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 14.75% from 2017 to 2025. Caveats: Legal and Ethical Concerns over AI 54 3.6. AI assisted information processing and intelligence analysis can be used for sub-conventional operations. Also introduction of deep learning algorithms into the analysis process for satellite imagery could greatly enhance the rapidity of processing. In modern warfare, that means large quantities of data to sift through in order to make decisions regarding supply, transport, communications, and so on. It also enables military fleets to easily detect anomalies and quickly predict component failures. The DARPA  Virtual Machine Reality( VMR) system aids intelligence analysts in searching, filtering, and exploring visual media through the  use  of  advanced  computer  vision and  reasoning techniques. AI, machine learning and nuclear risk 88 IV. University of Mumbai, BITS (Pilani), IITs (Kharagpur, Delhi, Mumbai, Kanpur, Roorkee), University of Pune & Delhi University  are the top universities/ schools that are undertaking professional AI graduate /post graduate courses. Development of Human resource. While there are many parallels between human intelligence and AI, there are stark differences too. Computer vision is often considered to be part of information engineering. Military applications of artificial intelligence: Nuclear risk redux 84 I. AI and machine learning 84 II. This advanced analysis enables military personnel to then recognize patterns and derive correlations. Integrating AI with military transportation can lower transportation costs and reduce human operational efforts. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) – also known as drones – with integrated AI can patrol border areas, identify potential threats, and transmit information about these threats to response teams. Strategic thinking on and advances in military applications of AI is the need of the hour. AI, machine learning and autonomy in weapon systems 86 III. The govt should create a working group involving military and technical experts, including from the private sector, national laboratories, and service research laboratories, to explore potential areas of the military employment of AI. Pursuing international dialogue, in ways that borrow from the Cold War CBM toolkit, may help speed the learning process about the implications of military applications of AI in ways that reduce the risk that states’ uncertainty about changes in military technology undermine international security and stability. There is a need to train and cultivate human resource for military applications of AI. Book Excerpts - 1962 War: Reflections of the Past. About the authors: Tejaswi Singh is a Senior Research Associate and Amit Gulhane is a Team Lead at MarketsandMarkets, a global market research firm. So, my question is what is the Indian Army doing to make its force even better by including AI systems that would assist soldiers in the field? The goal of DARPA’s VMR program is to extract mission-relevant information, such as the who, what, where and when, from visual media captured from  adversaries and to turn unstructured, ad hoc photos and video into true visual intelligence. CAIR lists artificial neural networks, computer vision, and situational awareness as its areas of primary focus, mentioning two other products that are under development for network-centric operations and decision making using a vast knowledge base of battlefield tactics data. Threat monitoring & situational awareness rely heavily on Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) operations. Novel military technologies, and the political-strategic opportunities that leaders imagine they create, have long shaped military strategy. For instance, IBM’s Watson research team partnered with the US Veterans Administration to develop a clinical reasoning prototype known as the Electronic Medical Record Analyzer (EMRA). Every autonomous system that interacts in a dynamic environment must construct a world model and continually update that model. Additionally, AI in target recognition systems improves the ability of these systems to identify the position of their targets. Summing up – The AI Tipping Point 55 Simulation & training is a multidisciplinary field that pairs system engineering, software engineering, and computer science to construct computerized models that acquaint soldiers with the various combat systems deployed during military operations. There are many AI applications for the military, Artificial intelligence is used to collect huge amounts of visual surveillance data, such as laptop feeds, phone cameras, video surveillance, planted cameras, UAVs & satellite footage, A military may see an increase in surveillance quality due to the removal of human operator factors. 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